Population of Solomon Islands 2017

Population

Current population of Solomon Islands is 647,581 people (July 2017 est.).

Nationality

noun: Solomon Islander(s)
adjective: Solomon Islander

Ethnic Groups

Melanesian 95.3%, Polynesian 3.1%, Micronesian 1.2%, other 0.3% (2009 est.)

Languages

Melanesian pidgin (in much of the country is lingua franca), English (official but spoken by only 1%-2% of the population), 120 indigenous languages

Religions

Protestant 73.4% (Church of Melanesia 31.9%, South Sea Evangelical 17.1%, Seventh Day Adventist 11.7%, United Church 10.1%, Christian Fellowship Church 2.5%), Roman Catholic 19.6%, other Christian 2.9%, other 4%, none 0.03%, unspecified 0.1% (2009 est.)

Age Structure

0-14 years: 34.59% (male 115,329/female 108,645)
15-24 years: 19.99% (male 66,608/female 62,843)
25-54 years: 36.5% (male 120,339/female 116,048)
55-64 years: 4.65% (male 15,316/female 14,828)
65 years and over: 4.27% (male 13,096/female 14,529) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 75.4
youth dependency ratio: 69.4
elderly dependency ratio: 6
potential support ratio: 16.6 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 22.2 years
male: 22 years
female: 22.4 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

1.9% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

24.9 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

3.8 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

-1.7 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Urbanization

urban population: 23.2% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 3.79% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

HONIARA (capital) 73,000 (2014)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.92 male(s)/female
total population: 1.04 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Mother’s Mean Age at First Birth

21.6 years

note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2006/07 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

114 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 15.2 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 17.3 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 12.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 75.3 years
male: 72.7 years
female: 78.1 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

3.16 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Health Expenditures

5.1% of GDP (2014)

Physicians Density

0.2 physicians/1,000 population (2011)

Hospital Bed Density

1.3 beds/1,000 population (2012)

Drinking Water Source

improved:
urban: 93.2% of population
rural: 77.2% of population
total: 80.8% of population

unimproved
urban: 6.8% of population
rural: 22.8% of population
total: 19.2% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

improved:
urban: 81.4% of population
rural: 15% of population
total: 29.8% of population

unimproved
urban: 18.6% of population
rural: 85% of population
total: 70.2% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

NA

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

NA

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

NA

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

25% (2014)

Children Under the Age of 5 Years Underweight

11.5% (2007)

Education Expenditures

10% of GDP (2010)

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 84.1%
male: 88.9%
female: 79.2% (2009 est.)

School Life Expectancy (Primary to Tertiary Education)

total: 9 years
male: 10 years
female: 9 years (2007)