Population of South Sudan 2017

Population

Population: Current population of South Sudan is 13,026,129 people (July 2017 est.).

Nationality

noun: South Sudanese (singular and plural)
adjective: South Sudanese

Ethnic Groups

Dinka 35.8%, Nuer 15.6%, Shilluk, Azande, Bari, Kakwa, Kuku, Murle, Mandari, Didinga, Ndogo, Bviri, Lndi, Anuak, Bongo, Lango, Dungotona, Acholi, Baka, Fertit (2011 est.)

Languages

English (official), Arabic (includes Juba and Sudanese variants), regional languages include Dinka, Nuer, Bari, Zande, Shilluk

Religions

animist, Christian

Demographic Profile

South Sudan, independent from Sudan since July 2011 after decades of civil war, is one of the world’s poorest countries and ranks among the lowest in many socioeconomic categories. Problems are exacerbated by ongoing tensions with Sudan over oil revenues and land borders, fighting between government forces and rebel groups, and inter-communal violence. Most of the population lives off of farming, while smaller numbers rely on animal husbandry; more than 80% of the populace lives in rural areas. The maternal mortality rate is among the world’s highest for a variety of reasons, including a shortage of health care workers, facilities, and supplies; poor roads and a lack of transport; and cultural beliefs that prevent women from seeking obstetric care. Most women marry and start having children early, giving birth at home with the assistance of traditional birth attendants, who are unable to handle complications.

Educational attainment is extremely poor due to the lack of schools, qualified teachers, and materials. Less than a third of the population is literate (the rate is even lower among women), and half live below the poverty line. Teachers and students are also struggling with the switch from Arabic to English as the language ofinstruction. Many adults missed out on schooling because of warfare and displacement.

More than 900,000 South Sudanese have sought refuge in neighboring countries since the current conflict began in 2013, almost 200,000 alone have fled since the most recent outbreak of violence in early July 2016. Another 1.7 million South Sudanese are internally displaced. Despite South Sudan’s instability and lack of infrastructure and social services, more than 240,000 people have fled to South Sudan to escape fighting in Sudan.

Age Structure

0-14 years: 44.37% (male 2,947,277/female 2,831,822)
15-24 years: 20.56% (male 1,402,746/female 1,275,276)
25-54 years: 29.58% (male 1,869,480/female 1,983,504)
55-64 years: 3.39% (male 235,546/female 206,304)
65 years and over: 2.1% (male 151,166/female 123,008) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 83.7
youth dependency ratio: 77.3
elderly dependency ratio: 6.4
potential support ratio: 15.7 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 17.1 years
male: 17 years
female: 17.3 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

3.8% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

35.5 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

7.7 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

10.6 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Population Distribution

clusters found in urban areas, particularly in the western interior and around the White Nile

Urbanization

urban population: 19.3% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 3.91% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

JUBA (capital) 321,000 (2015)

Maternal Mortality Rate

789 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 64.6 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 69.1 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 59.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

5.07 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate

4% (2010)

Health Expenditures

2.7% of GDP (2014)

Drinking Water Source

improved:
urban: 66.7% of population
rural: 56.9% of population
total: 58.7% of population

unimproved
urban: 33.3% of population
rural: 43.1% of population
total: 41.3% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

improved:
urban: 16.4% of population
rural: 4.5% of population
total: 6.7% of population

unimproved
urban: 83.6% of population
rural: 95.5% of population
total: 93.3% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

2.7% (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

200,000 (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

13,000 (2016 est.)

Major Infectious Disease

degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne disease: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: malaria, dengue fever, trypanosomiasis-Gambiense (African sleeping sickness)
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
animal contact disease: rabies (2016)

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

6.6% (2014)

Children Under the Age of 5 Years Underweight

27.6% (2010)

Education Expenditures

0.8% of GDP (2011)

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 27%
male: 40%
female: 16% (2009 est.)

Unemployment, Youth Ages 15-24

total: 18.5%
male: 20%
female: 17% (2008 est.)