Population of Spain 2017

Population

Current population of Spain is 48,958,159 people (July 2017 est.).

Nationality

noun: Spaniard(s)
adjective: Spanish

Ethnic Groups

composite of Mediterranean and Nordic types

Languages

Castilian Spanish (official nationwide) 74%, Catalan (official in Catalonia, the Balearic Islands, and the Valencian Community (where it is known as Valencian)) 17%, Galician (official in Galicia) 7%, Basque (official in the Basque Country and in the Basque-speaking area of Navarre) 2%, Aranese (official in the northwest corner of Catalonia (Vall d’Aran) along with Catalan; <5,000 speakers)

note: Aragonese, Aranese Asturian, Basque, Calo, Catalan, Galician, and Valencian are recognized as regional languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages

Religions

Roman Catholic 67.8%, atheist 9.1%, other 2.2%, non-believer 18.4%, unspecified 2.5% (2016 est.)

Age Structure

0-14 years: 15.38% (male 3,872,763/female 3,656,549)
15-24 years: 9.58% (male 2,424,352/female 2,267,429)
25-54 years: 44.91% (male 11,214,102/female 10,775,039)
55-64 years: 12.14% (male 2,899,088/female 3,044,111)
65 years and over: 17.98% (male 3,763,989/female 5,040,737) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 50.8
youth dependency ratio: 22.4
elderly dependency ratio: 28.3
potential support ratio: 3.5 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 42.3 years
male: 41.2 years
female: 43.6 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

0.8% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

9.2 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

9.1 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

7.8 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Population Distribution

with the notable exception of Madrid, Sevilla, and Zaragoza, the largest urban agglomerations are found along the Mediterranean and Atlantic coasts; numerous smaller cities are spread throughout the interior reflecting Spain’s agrarian heritage; dense settlement is found around the capital of Madrid, as well as the port city of Barcelona

Urbanization

urban population: 79.6% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 0.52% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

MADRID (capital) 6.199 million; Barcelona 5.258 million; Valencia 810,000 (2015)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.74 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Mother’s Mean Age at First Birth

30.7 years (2015 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

5 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 3.3 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 3.6 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 2.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 81.7 years
male: 78.7 years
female: 84.9 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

1.5 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Health Expenditures

9% of GDP (2014)

Physicians Density

3.82 physicians/1,000 population (2014)

Hospital Bed Density

3.1 beds/1,000 population (2011)

Drinking Water Source

improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population

unimproved
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

improved:
urban: 99.8% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 99.9% of population

unimproved
urban: 0.2% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0.1% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

0.4% (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

140,000 (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

NA

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

26.5% (2014)

Education Expenditures

4.3% of GDP (2013)

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.3%
male: 98.8%
female: 97.7% (2016 est.)

School Life Expectancy (Primary to Tertiary Education)

total: 18 years
male: 18 years
female: 18 years (2015)

Unemployment, Youth Ages 15-24

total: 53.2%
male: 53.4%
female: 52.9% (2014 est.)