Population of Sri Lanka 2017

Population

Current population of Sri Lanka is 22,409,381 people (July 2017 est.).

Nationality

noun: Sri Lankan(s)
adjective: Sri Lankan

Ethnic Groups

Sinhalese 74.9%, Sri Lankan Tamil 11.2%, Sri Lankan Moors 9.2%, Indian Tamil 4.2%, other 0.5% (2012 est.)

Languages

Sinhala (official and national language) 74%, Tamil (official and national language) 18%, other 8%

note: English, spoken competently by about 10% of the population, is commonly used in government and is referred to as the link language in the constitution

Religions

Buddhist (official) 70.2%, Hindu 12.6%, Muslim 9.7%, Roman Catholic 6.1%, other Christian 1.3%, other 0.05% (2012 est.)

Age Structure

0-14 years: 24.06% (male 2,750,004/female 2,642,606)
15-24 years: 14.63% (male 1,666,859/female 1,611,379)
25-54 years: 41.58% (male 4,571,200/female 4,747,119)
55-64 years: 10.06% (male 1,043,199/female 1,210,930)
65 years and over: 9.67% (male 917,014/female 1,249,071) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 51.2
youth dependency ratio: 37.2
elderly dependency ratio: 14.1
potential support ratio: 7.1 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 32.5 years
male: 31.2 years
female: 33.7 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

0.8% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

15.2 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

6.2 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

-1.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Population Distribution

the population is primarily concentrated within a broad wet zone in the southwest, urban centers along the eastern coast, and on the Jaffna Peninsula in the north

Urbanization

urban population: 18.5% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 1.11% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte (legislative capital) 128,000 (2014); COLOMBO (capital) 707,000 (2015)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.86 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.74 male(s)/female
total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Mother’s Mean Age at First Birth

25.4 years

note: median age at first birth among women 30-34 (2006/07 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

30 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 8.6 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 9.5 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 7.6 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 76.8 years
male: 73.3 years
female: 80.4 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

2.07 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Health Expenditures

3.5% of GDP (2014)

Physicians Density

0.73 physicians/1,000 population (2010)

Hospital Bed Density

3.6 beds/1,000 population (2012)

Drinking Water Source

improved:
urban: 98.5% of population
rural: 95% of population
total: 95.6% of population

unimproved
urban: 1.5% of population
rural: 5% of population
total: 4.4% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

improved:
urban: 88.1% of population
rural: 96.7% of population
total: 95.1% of population

unimproved
urban: 11.9% of population
rural: 3.3% of population
total: 4.9% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

4,000 (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

<200 (2016 est.)

Major Infectious Disease

degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea and hepatitis A
vectorborne disease: dengue fever
water contact disease: leptospirosis
animal contact disease: rabies (2016)

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

6.8% (2014)

Children Under the Age of 5 Years Underweight

26.3% (2012)

Education Expenditures

2.2% of GDP (2015)

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 92.6%
male: 93.6%
female: 91.7% (2015 est.)

School Life Expectancy (Primary to Tertiary Education)

total: 14 years
male: 14 years
female: 14 years (2013)

Unemployment, Youth Ages 15-24

total: 20.7%
male: 16.5%
female: 27.3% (2015 est.)