Population of Sudan 2017

Population

Current population of Sudan is 37,345,935 people (July 2017 est.).

Nationality

noun: Sudanese (singular and plural)
adjective: Sudanese

Ethnic Groups

Sudanese Arab (approximately 70%), Fur, Beja, Nuba, Fallata

Languages

Arabic (official), English (official), Nubian, Ta Bedawie, Fur

Religions

Sunni Muslim, small Christian minority

Age Structure

0-14 years: 38.68% (male 7,335,613/female 7,111,552)
15-24 years: 21.04% (male 4,033,787/female 3,823,098)
25-54 years: 32.77% (male 5,943,906/female 6,293,921)
55-64 years: 4.24% (male 824,577/female 760,014)
65 years and over: 3.27% (male 655,795/female 563,672) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 78
youth dependency ratio: 72.1
elderly dependency ratio: 5.9
potential support ratio: 16.9 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 19.6 years
male: 19.4 years
female: 19.9 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

1.6% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

27.9 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

7.3 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

-4.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Population Distribution

with the exception of a ribbon of settlement that corresponds to the banks of the Nile, northern Sudan, which extends into the dry Sahara, is sparsely populated; more abundant vegetation and broader access to water increases population distribution in the south extending habitable range along nearly the entire border with South Sudan; sizeable areas of population are found around Khartoum, southeast between the Blue and White Nile Rivers, and througout South Darfur

Urbanization

urban population: 33.8% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 2.54% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

KHARTOUM (capital) 5.129 million (2015)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.19 male(s)/female
total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

311 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 50.2 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 55.4 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 44.6 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 64.1 years
male: 62 years
female: 66.3 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

3.57 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate

12.2% (2014)

Health Expenditures

8.4% of GDP (2014)

Physicians Density

3.06 physicians/1,000 population (2014)

Hospital Bed Density

0.8 beds/1,000 population (2012)

Drinking Water Source

improved:
urban: 66% of population
rural: 50.2% of population
total: 55.5% of population

unimproved
urban: 34% of population
rural: 49.8% of population
total: 44.5% of population (2012 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

improved:
urban: 43.9% of population
rural: 13.4% of population
total: 23.6% of population

unimproved
urban: 56.1% of population
rural: 86.6% of population
total: 76.4% of population (2012 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

0.2% (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

56,000 (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

3,000 (2016 est.)

Major Infectious Disease

degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and Rift Valley fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
animal contact disease: rabies (2016)

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

6.6% (2014)

Children Under the Age of 5 Years Underweight

33% (2014)

Education Expenditures

2.2% of GDP (2009)

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 75.9%
male: 83.3%
female: 68.6% (2015 est.)

School Life Expectancy (Primary to Tertiary Education)

total: 7 years
male: 7 years
female: 7 years (2013)

Unemployment, Youth Ages 15-24

total: 20%
male: 16%
female: 32% (2009 est.)