Population of Syria 2017

Population

Current population of Syria is 18,028,549 people (July 2017 est.).

note: approximately 20,500 Israeli settlers live in the Golan Heights (2014)

Nationality

noun: Syrian(s)
adjective: Syrian

Ethnic Groups

Arab 90.3%, Kurdish, Armenian, and other 9.7%

Languages

Arabic (official), Kurdish, Armenian, Aramaic, Circassian, French, English

Religions

Muslim 87% (official; includes Sunni 74% and Alawi, Ismaili, and Shia 13%), Christian 10% (includes Orthodox, Uniate, and Nestorian), Druze 3%, Jewish (few remaining in Damascus and Aleppo)

Age Structure

0-14 years: 31.62% (male 2,923,814/female 2,777,073)
15-24 years: 19.54% (male 1,790,360/female 1,732,694)
25-54 years: 39.22% (male 3,522,653/female 3,547,540)
55-64 years: 5.41% (male 482,576/female 493,085)
65 years and over: 4.21% (male 342,407/female 416,347) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 72.8
youth dependency ratio: 65.8
elderly dependency ratio: 7
potential support ratio: 14.3 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 24.1 years
male: 23.7 years
female: 24.6 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

7.9% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

21.2 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

4 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

61.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Population Distribution

significant population density along the Mediterranean coast; larger concentrations found in the major cities of Damascus, Aleppo (the country’s largest city), and Hims (Homs); more than half of the population lives in the coastal plain, the province of Halab, and the Euphrates River valley

note: the ongoing civil war has altered the population distribution

Urbanization

urban population: 58.5% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 3.59% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

Aleppo 3.562 million; DAMASCUS (capital) 2.566 million; Hims (Homs) 1.641 million; Hamah 1.237 million; Lattakia 781,000 (2015)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

68 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 15.2 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 17.5 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 12.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 74.9 years
male: 72.5 years
female: 77.4 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

2.5 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate

53.9% (2009/10)

Health Expenditures

3.3% of GDP (2014)

Physicians Density

1.55 physicians/1,000 population (2014)

Hospital Bed Density

1.5 beds/1,000 population (2012)

Drinking Water Source

improved:
urban: 92.3% of population
rural: 87.2% of population
total: 90.1% of population

unimproved
urban: 7.7% of population
rural: 12.8% of population
total: 9.9% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

improved:
urban: 96.2% of population
rural: 95.1% of population
total: 95.7% of population

unimproved
urban: 3.8% of population
rural: 4.9% of population
total: 4.3% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

NA

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

NA

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

NA (2016 est.)

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

21.6% (2014)

Children Under the Age of 5 Years Underweight

10.1% (2009)

Education Expenditures

5.1% of GDP (2009)

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 86.4%
male: 91.7%
female: 81% (2015 est.)

School Life Expectancy (Primary to Tertiary Education)

total: 9 years
male: 9 years
female: 9 years (2013)

Child Labor – Children Ages 5-14

total number: 192,915
percentage: 4% (2006 est.)

Unemployment, Youth Ages 15-24

total: 35.8%
male: 26.6%
female: 71.1% (2011 est.)