Population of Taiwan 2017

Population

Current population of Taiwan is 23,508,428 people (July 2017 est.).

Nationality

noun: Taiwan (singular and plural)

note: example – he or she is from Taiwan; they are from Taiwan
adjective: Taiwan (or Taiwanese)

Ethnic Groups

more than 95% Han Chinese (including Hoklo, who compose approximately 70% of Taiwan’s population, Hakka, and other groups originating in mainland China), 2% indigenous Malayo-Polynesian peoples

note: there are 16 officially recognized indigenous groups: Amis, Atayal, Bunun, Hla’alua, Kanakaravu, Kavalan, Paiwan, Puyuma, Rukai, Saisiyat, Sakizaya, Seediq, Thao, Truku, Tsou, and Yami; Amis, Paiwan, and Atayal are the largest and account for roughly 70% of the indigenous population

Languages

Mandarin Chinese (official), Taiwanese (Min), Hakka dialects

Religions

Buddhist 35.3%, Taoist 33.2%, Christian 3.9%, Taoist or Confucian folk religionist approximately 10%, none or unspecified 18.2% (2005 est.)

Age Structure

0-14 years: 12.88% (male 1,559,074/female 1,468,319)
15-24 years: 12.88% (male 1,551,228/female 1,476,660)
25-54 years: 46.41% (male 5,445,338/female 5,463,804)
55-64 years: 14.12% (male 1,622,111/female 1,696,564)
65 years and over: 13.72% (male 1,475,534/female 1,749,796) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 35.2
youth dependency ratio: 18.6
elderly dependency ratio: 16.6
potential support ratio: 6 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 40.2 years
male: 39.5 years
female: 40.9 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

0.2% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

8.3 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

7.4 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

0.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Population Distribution

distribution exhibits a peripheral coastal settlement pattern, with the largest populations on the north and west coasts

Major Urban Areas – Population:

TAIPEI (capital) 2.666 million; Kaohsiung 1.523 million; Taichung 1.225 million; Tainan 815,000 (2015)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.86 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 4.4 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 4.8 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 80.1 years
male: 77 years
female: 83.5 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

1.13 children born/woman (2017 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

NA

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

NA

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

NA

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.5%
male: 99.7%
female: 97.3% (2014 est.)