Population of Tajikistan 2017

Population

Population: Current population of Tajikistan is 8,468,555 people (July 2017 est.).

Nationality

noun: Tajikistani(s)
adjective: Tajikistani

Ethnic Groups

Tajik 84.3%, Uzbek 13.8% (includes Lakai, Kongrat, Katagan, Barlos, Yuz), other 2% (includes Kyrgyz, Russian, Turkmen, Tatar, Arab) (2010 est.)

Languages

Tajik (official), Russian widely used in government and business

note: different ethnic groups speak Uzbek, Kyrgyz, and Pashto

Religions

Sunni Muslim 85%, Shia Muslim 5%, other 10% (2003 est.)

Age Structure

0-14 years: 32.33% (male 1,393,804/female 1,343,825)
15-24 years: 18.61% (male 799,736/female 776,417)
25-54 years: 40.12% (male 1,683,228/female 1,714,507)
55-64 years: 5.62% (male 219,043/female 257,066)
65 years and over: 3.32% (male 116,511/female 164,418) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 62.5
youth dependency ratio: 57.1
elderly dependency ratio: 5.4
potential support ratio: 18.5 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 24.2 years
male: 23.6 years
female: 24.8 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

1.6% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

23.3 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

6 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

-1.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Population Distribution

the country’s population is concentrated at lower elevations, with perhaps as much as 90% of the people living in valleys; overall density increases from east to west

Urbanization

urban population: 27% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 2.72% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

DUSHANBE (capital) 822,000 (2015)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.85 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.72 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Mother’s Mean Age at First Birth

22.9 years (2014 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

32 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 32.8 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 37.1 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 28.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 67.7 years
male: 64.6 years
female: 71 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

2.63 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate

27.9% (2012)

Health Expenditures

6.9% of GDP (2014)

Physicians Density

1.71 physicians/1,000 population (2014)

Hospital Bed Density

5.5 beds/1,000 population (2011)

Drinking Water Source

improved:
urban: 93.1% of population
rural: 66.7% of population
total: 73.8% of population

unimproved
urban: 6.9% of population
rural: 33.3% of population
total: 26.2% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

improved:
urban: 93.8% of population
rural: 95.5% of population
total: 95% of population

unimproved
urban: 6.2% of population
rural: 4.5% of population
total: 5% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

0.3% (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

14,000 (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

<1000 (2016 est.)

Major Infectious Disease

degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: malaria (2016)

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

12% (2014)

Children Under the Age of 5 Years Underweight

13.3% (2012)

Education Expenditures

5.2% of GDP (2015)

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.8%
male: 99.8%
female: 99.7% (2015 est.)

School Life Expectancy (Primary to Tertiary Education)

total: 11 years
male: 12 years
female: 11 years (2013)

Child Labor – Children Ages 5-14

total number: 164,432
percentage: 10% (2005 est.)

Unemployment, Youth Ages 15-24

total: 16.7%
male: 19.2%
female: 13.7% (2009 est.)