Population of Thailand 2017

Population

Current population of Thailand is 68,414,135 (July 2017 est.).

note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)

Nationality

noun: Thai (singular and plural)
adjective: Thai

Ethnic Groups

Thai 97.5%, Burmese 1.3%, other 1.1%, unspecified

Languages

Thai (official) 90.7%, Burmese 1.3%, other 8%

note: English is a secondary language of the elite (2010 est.)

Religions

Buddhist 94.6%, Muslim 4.3%, Christian 1%, other

Age Structure

0-14 years: 16.93% (male 5,933,269/female 5,649,864)
15-24 years: 14.17% (male 4,943,583/female 4,752,038)
25-54 years: 46.32% (male 15,677,322/female 16,009,399)
55-64 years: 12% (male 3,851,575/female 4,358,837)
65 years and over: 10.58% (male 3,165,799/female 4,072,449) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 39.2
youth dependency ratio: 24.7
elderly dependency ratio: 14.6
potential support ratio: 6.9 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 37.2 years
male: 36.2 years
female: 38.2 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

0.3% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

11 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

8 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Population Distribution

highest population density is found in and around Bangkok; significant population clusters found througout large parts of the country, particularly north and northeast of Bangkok and in the extreme southern region of the country

Urbanization

urban population: 50.4% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 2.97% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

BANGKOK (capital) 9.27 million; Samut Prakan 1.814 million (2015)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.89 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Mother’s Mean Age at First Birth

23.3 years (2009 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

20 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 9.4 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 10.4 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 8.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 74.7 years
male: 71.5 years
female: 78 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

1.52 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate

79.3% (2012)

Health Expenditures

6.5% of GDP (2014)

Physicians Density

0.39 physicians/1,000 population (2010)

Hospital Bed Density

2.1 beds/1,000 population (2010)

Drinking Water Source

improved:
urban: 97.6% of population
rural: 98% of population
total: 97.8% of population

unimproved
urban: 2.4% of population
rural: 2% of population
total: 2.2% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

improved:
urban: 89.9% of population
rural: 96.1% of population
total: 93% of population

unimproved
urban: 10.1% of population
rural: 3.9% of population
total: 7% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

1.1% (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

450,000 (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

16,000 (2016 est.)

Major Infectious Disease

degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, Japanese encephalitis, and malaria (2016)

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

9.2% (2014)

Children Under the Age of 5 Years Underweight

9.2% (2012)

Education Expenditures

4.1% of GDP (2013)

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 92.9%
male: 94.7%
female: 91.2% (2015 est.)

School Life Expectancy (Primary to Tertiary Education)

total: 16 years
male: 16 years
female: 16 years (2015)

Child Labor – Children Ages 5-14

total number: 818,399
percentage: 8% (2006 est.)

Unemployment, Youth Ages 15-24

total: 3.4%
male: 2.8%
female: 4.4% (2013 est.)