Population of Timor-Leste 2017

Population

Current population of Timor-Leste is 1,291,358 people (July 2017 est.).

Nationality

noun: Timorese
adjective: Timorese

Ethnic Groups

Austronesian (Malayo-Polynesian) (includes Tetun, Mambai, Tokodede, Galoli, Kemak, Baikeno), Melanesian-Papuan (includes Bunak, Fataluku, Bakasai), small Chinese minority

Languages

Tetun Prasa 30.6%, Mambai 16.6%, Makasai 10.5%, Tetun Terik 6.1%, Baikenu 5.9%, Kemak 5.8%, Bunak 5.5%, Tokodede 4%, Fataluku 3.5%, Waima’a 1.8%, Galoli 1.4%, Naueti 1.4%, Idate 1.2%, Midiki 1.2%, other 4.5%

note: data represent population by mother tongue; Tetun and Portuguese are official languages; Indonesian and English are working languages; there are about 32 indigenous languages

Religions

Roman Catholic 97.6%, Protestant/Evangelical 2%, Muslim 0.2%, other 0.2% (2015 est.)

Age Structure

0-14 years: 40.91% (male 271,623/female 256,733)
15-24 years: 20.32% (male 133,254/female 129,166)
25-54 years: 29.95% (male 185,911/female 200,903)
55-64 years: 4.94% (male 32,168/female 31,680)
65 years and over: 3.87% (male 23,924/female 25,996) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 90.3
youth dependency ratio: 83.7
elderly dependency ratio: 6.6
potential support ratio: 15.2 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 18.8 years
male: 18.2 years
female: 19.4 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

2.4% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

33.4 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

5.9 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

-3.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Population Distribution

most of the population concentrated in the western third of the country, particularly around Dili

Urbanization

urban population: 34% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 3.63% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

DILI (capital) 228,000 (2014)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.93 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.91 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Mother’s Mean Age at First Birth

22.1 years

note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2009/10 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

215 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 36.3 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 39.2 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 33.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 68.1 years
male: 66.5 years
female: 69.7 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

4.79 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate

22.3% (2009/10)

Health Expenditures

1.5% of GDP (2014)

Physicians Density

0.08 physicians/1,000 population (2011)

Hospital Bed Density

5.9 beds/1,000 population (2010)

Drinking Water Source

improved:
urban: 95.2% of population
rural: 60.5% of population
total: 71.9% of population

unimproved
urban: 4.8% of population
rural: 39.5% of population
total: 28.1% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

improved:
urban: 69% of population
rural: 26.8% of population
total: 40.6% of population

unimproved
urban: 31% of population
rural: 73.2% of population
total: 59.4% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

NA

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

NA

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

NA

Major Infectious Disease

degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria (2016)

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

1.8% (2014)

Children Under the Age of 5 Years Underweight

37.7% (2013)

Education Expenditures

7.9% of GDP (2014)

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 67.5%
male: 71.5%
female: 63.4% (2015 est.)