Population of Tonga 2017

Population

Current population of Tonga is 106,479 people (July 2017 est.).

Nationality

noun: Tongan(s)
adjective: Tongan

Ethnic Groups

Tongan 96.6%, part-Tongan 1.7%, other 1.7%, unspecified 0.03% (2006 est.)

Languages

English and Tongan 87%, Tongan (official) 10.7%, English (official) 1.2%, other 1.1%, unspecified 0.03% (2006 est.)

Religions

Protestant 64.9% (includes Free Wesleyan Church 37.3%, Free Church of Tonga 11.4%, Church of Tonga 7.2%, Tokaikolo Christian Church 2.6%, Assembly of God 2.3%, Seventh Day Adventist 2.2%, Constitutional Church of Tonga 0.9%, Anglican 0.8% and Full Gospel Church 0.2%), Mormon 16.8%, Roman Catholic 15.6%, other 1.1%, none 0.03%, unspecified 1.7% (2006 est.)

Age Structure

0-14 years: 33.87% (male 18,323/female 17,741)
15-24 years: 19.65% (male 10,715/female 10,209)
25-54 years: 34.3% (male 18,243/female 18,278)
55-64 years: 5.76% (male 3,048/female 3,083)
65 years and over: 6.42% (male 3,090/female 3,749) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 74.2
youth dependency ratio: 63.9
elderly dependency ratio: 10.2
potential support ratio: 9.8 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 22.6 years
male: 22.2 years
female: 23.1 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

-0.1% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

22.2 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

4.9 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

-17.8 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Urbanization

urban population: 23.9% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 1.3% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

NUKU’ALOFA 25,000 (2014)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.84 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Mother’s Mean Age at First Birth

24.9 years

note: median age at first birth among women 25-49 (2012 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

124 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 11.6 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 12 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 11.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 76.2 years
male: 74.7 years
female: 77.8 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

3.1 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate

34.1% (2012)

Health Expenditures

5.2% of GDP (2014)

Physicians Density

0.56 physicians/1,000 population (2010)

Hospital Bed Density

2.6 beds/1,000 population (2010)

Drinking Water Source

improved:
urban: 99.7% of population
rural: 99.6% of population
total: 99.6% of population

unimproved
urban: 0.3% of population
rural: 0.4% of population
total: 0.4% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

improved:
urban: 97.6% of population
rural: 89% of population
total: 91% of population

unimproved
urban: 2.4% of population
rural: 11% of population
total: 9% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

NA

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

NA

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

NA

Major Infectious Disease

note: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus (2016)

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

41.1% (2014)

Children Under the Age of 5 Years Underweight

1.9% (2012)

Literacy

definition: can read and write Tongan and/or English
total population: 99.4%
male: 99.3%
female: 99.4% (2015 est.)