Population of Turkey 2017

Population

Current population of Turkey is 80,845,215 (July 2017 est.)

Nationality

noun: Turk(s)
adjective: Turkish

Ethnic Groups

Turkish 70-75%, Kurdish 19%, other minorities 7-12% (2016 est.)

Languages

Turkish (official), Kurdish, other minority languages

Religions

Muslim 99.8% (mostly Sunni), other 0.2% (mostly Christians and Jews)

Age Structure

0-14 years: 24.68% (male 10,209,284/female 9,745,057)
15-24 years: 15.99% (male 6,601,471/female 6,324,277)
25-54 years: 43.21% (male 17,691,703/female 17,243,428)
55-64 years: 8.58% (male 3,448,232/female 3,492,199)
65 years and over: 7.53% (male 2,712,323/female 3,377,241) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 49.7
youth dependency ratio: 38.4
elderly dependency ratio: 11.3
potential support ratio: 8.9 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 30.5 years
male: 30.1 years
female: 31 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

0.5% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

15.7 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

6 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

-4.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Population Distribution

the most densely populated area is found around the Bosporus in the northwest where 20% of the population lives in Istanbul; with the exception of Ankara, urban centers remain small and scattered throughout the interior of Anatolia; an overall pattern of peripheral development exists, particularly along the Aegean Sea coast in the west, and the Tigris and Euphrates River systems in the southeast

Urbanization

urban population: 73.4% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 1.97% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

Istanbul 14.164 million; ANKARA (capital) 4.75 million; Izmir 3.04 million; Bursa 1.923 million; Adana 1.83 million; Gaziantep 1.528 million (2015)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Mother’s Mean Age at First Birth

22.3 years (2010 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

16 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 18.2 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 19.4 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 16.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 74.8 years
male: 72.5 years
female: 77.3 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

2.01 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate

73.5% (2013)

Health Expenditures

5.4% of GDP (2014)

Physicians Density

1.75 physicians/1,000 population (2014)

Hospital Bed Density

2.5 beds/1,000 population (2011)

Drinking Water Source

improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population

unimproved
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

improved:
urban: 98.3% of population
rural: 85.5% of population
total: 94.9% of population

unimproved
urban: 1.7% of population
rural: 14.5% of population
total: 5.1% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

NA

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

NA

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

NA

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

29.4% (2014)

Children Under the Age of 5 Years Underweight

1.9% (2014)

Education Expenditures

4.8% of GDP (2013)

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 95.6%
male: 98.6%
female: 92.6% (2015 est.)

School Life Expectancy (Primary to Tertiary Education)

total: 16 years
male: 17 years
female: 16 years (2013)

Child Labor – Children Ages 5-14

total number: 321,866
percentage: 3%

note: data represent children ages 6-14 (2006 est.)

Unemployment, Youth Ages 15-24

total: 17.8%
male: 16.6%
female: 20.2% (2014 est.)