Population of Turkmenistan 2017

Population

Current population of Turkmenistan is 5,351,277 people (July 2017 est.).

Nationality

noun: Turkmen(s)
adjective: Turkmen

Ethnic Groups

Turkmen 85%, Uzbek 5%, Russian 4%, other 6% (2003)

Languages

Turkmen (official) 72%, Russian 12%, Uzbek 9%, other 7%

Religions

Muslim 89%, Eastern Orthodox 9%, unknown 2%

Age Structure

0-14 years: 25.79% (male 699,612/female 680,583)
15-24 years: 18.39% (male 495,025/female 488,930)
25-54 years: 43.18% (male 1,147,044/female 1,163,762)
55-64 years: 7.9% (male 199,363/female 223,443)
65 years and over: 4.74% (male 110,505/female 143,010) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 52.7
youth dependency ratio: 46.5
elderly dependency ratio: 6.2
potential support ratio: 16.1 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 27.5 years
male: 27 years
female: 28 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

1.1% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

19.1 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

6.1 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

-1.8 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Population Distribution

the most densely populated areas are the southern, eastern, and northeastern oases; approximately 50% of the population lives in and around the capital of Ashgabat

Urbanization

urban population: 50.8% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 1.87% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

ASHGABAT (capital) 746,000 (2015)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.89 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Mother’s Mean Age at First Birth

24.6 years (2006 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

42 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 35.5 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 42.7 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 28.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 70.1 years
male: 67.1 years
female: 73.3 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

2.07 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Health Expenditures

2.1% of GDP (2014)

Physicians Density

2.29 physicians/1,000 population (2014)

Hospital Bed Density

4 beds/1,000 population (2012)

Drinking Water Source

improved:
urban: 89.1% of population
rural: 53.7% of population
total: 71.1% of population

unimproved
urban: 10.9% of population
rural: 46.3% of population
total: 28.9% of population (2012 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 98.2% of population
total: 99.1% of population

unimproved
urban: 0% of population
rural: 1.8% of population
total: 0.9% of population (2012 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

NA

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

NA

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

NA

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

18.8% (2014)

Children Under the Age of 5 Years Underweight

9.2% (2006)

Education Expenditures

3% of GDP (2012)

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.7%
male: 99.8%
female: 99.6% (2015 est.)

School Life Expectancy (Primary to Tertiary Education)

total: 11 years
male: 11 years
female: 11 years (2014)