Population of Uruguay 2017

Population

Current population of Uruguay is 3,360,148 people (July 2017 est.).

Nationality

noun: Uruguayan(s)
adjective: Uruguayan

Ethnic Groups

white 88%, mestizo 8%, black 4%, Amerindian (practically nonexistent)

Languages

Spanish (official), Portunol, Brazilero (Portuguese-Spanish mix on the Brazilian frontier)

Religions

Roman Catholic 47.1%, non-Catholic Christians 11.1%, nondenominational 23.2%, Jewish 0.3%, atheist or agnostic 17.2%, other 1.1% (2006 est.)

Demographic Profile

Uruguay rates high for most development indicators and is known for its secularism, liberal social laws, and well-developed social security, health, and educational systems. It is one of the few countries in Latin America and the Caribbean where the entire population has access to clean water. Uruguay’s provision of free primary through university education has contributed to the country’s high levels of literacy and educational attainment. However, the emigration of human capital has diminished the state’s return on its investment in education. Remittances from the roughly 18% of Uruguayans abroad amount to less than 1 percent of national GDP. The emigration of young adults and a low birth rate are causing Uruguay’s population to age rapidly.
In the 1960s, Uruguayans for the first time emigrated en masse – primarily to Argentina and Brazil – because of economic decline and the onset of more than a decade of military dictatorship. Economic crises in the early 1980s and 2002 also triggered waves of emigration, but since 2002 more than 70% of Uruguayan emigrants haveselected the US and Spain as destinations because of better job prospects. Uruguay had a tiny population upon its independence in 1828 and welcomed thousands of predominantly Italian and Spanish immigrants, but the country has not experienced large influxes of new arrivals since the aftermath of World War II. More recent immigrants include Peruvians and Arabs.

Age Structure

0-14 years: 20.17% (male 344,810/female 332,791)
15-24 years: 15.69% (male 267,000/female 260,135)
25-54 years: 39.34% (male 654,036/female 667,780)
55-64 years: 10.56% (male 167,002/female 187,865)
65 years and over: 14.25% (male 191,597/female 287,132) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 55.9
youth dependency ratio: 33.4
elderly dependency ratio: 22.5
potential support ratio: 4.4 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 34.7 years
male: 33 years
female: 36.4 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

0.3% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

13 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

9.4 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

-0.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Population Distribution

most of the country’s population resides in the southern half of the country; approximately 80% of the populace is urban, living in towns or cities; nearly half ofthe population lives in and around the capital of Montevideo

Urbanization

urban population: 95.6% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 0.44% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

MONTEVIDEO (capital) 1.707 million (2015)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.89 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.66 male(s)/female
total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

15 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 8.5 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 9.5 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 7.6 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 77.2 years
male: 74.1 years
female: 80.5 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

1.8 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Health Expenditures

8.6% of GDP (2014)

Physicians Density

3.94 physicians/1,000 population (2008)

Hospital Bed Density

2.5 beds/1,000 population (2012)

Drinking Water Source

improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 93.9% of population
total: 99.7% of population

unimproved
urban: 0% of population
rural: 6.1% of population
total: 0.3% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

improved:
urban: 96.6% of population
rural: 92.6% of population
total: 96.4% of population

unimproved
urban: 3.4% of population
rural: 7.4% of population
total: 3.6% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

0.6% (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

12,000 (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

<500 (2016 est.)

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

27.6% (2014)

Children Under the Age of 5 Years Underweight

4.5% (2011)

Education Expenditures

4.4% of GDP (2011)

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.5%
male: 98.1%
female: 98.9% (2015 est.)

School Life Expectancy (Primary to Tertiary Education)

total: 16 years
male: 14 years
female: 17 years (2010)

Child Labor – Children Ages 5-14

total number: 51,879
percentage: 7% (2006 est.)

Unemployment, Youth Ages 15-24

total: 22.5%
male: 19.9%
female: 26.2% (2015 est.)