Population of Vietnam 2017

Population

Current population of Vietnam is 96,160,163 (July 2017 est.) which makes the country the 15th most populous.

Nationality

noun: Vietnamese (singular and plural)
adjective: Vietnamese

Ethnic Groups

Kinh (Viet) 85.7%, Tay 1.9%, Thai 1.8%, Muong 1.5%, Khmer 1.5%, Mong 1.2%, Nung 1.1%, Hoa 1%, other 4.3%

note: 54 ethnic groups are recognized by the Vietnamese Government (2009 est.)

Languages

Vietnamese (official), English (increasingly favored as a second language), some French, Chinese, and Khmer, mountain area languages (Mon-Khmer and Malayo-Polynesian)

Religions

Buddhist 7.9%, Catholic 6.6%, Hoa Hao 1.7%, Cao Dai 0.9%, Protestant 0.9%, Muslim 0.1%, none 81.8% (2009 est.)

Age Structure

0-14 years: 23.55% (male 11,909,326/female 10,735,324)
15-24 years: 16.23% (male 8,098,019/female 7,509,021)
25-54 years: 45.56% (male 22,087,095/female 21,719,615)
55-64 years: 8.55% (male 3,798,928/female 4,419,837)
65 years and over: 6.12% (male 2,281,923/female 3,601,075) (2017 est.)

Dependency Ratios

total dependency ratio: 42.5
youth dependency ratio: 32.9
elderly dependency ratio: 9.6
potential support ratio: 10.4 (2015 est.)

Median Age

total: 30.1 years
male: 28.9 years
female: 31.2 years (2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

0.9% (2017 est.)

Birth Rate

15.5 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death Rate

5.9 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Net Migration Rate

-0.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Population Distribution

though it has one of the highest population densities in the world, the population is not evenly dispersed; clustering is heaviest along the South China Sea and Gulf of Tonkin, with the Mekong Delta (in the south) and the Red River Valley (in the north) having the largest concentrations of people

Urbanization

urban population: 33.6% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 2.95% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major Urban Areas – Population:

Ho Chi Minh City 7.298 million; Hanoi (capital) 3.629 million; Can Tho 1.175 million; Haiphong 1.075 million; Da Nang 952,000; Bien Hoa 834,000 (2015)

Sex Ratio

at birth: 1.11 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.11 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.08 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.85 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.63 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Maternal Mortality Rate

54 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

total: 17.8 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 18.2 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 17.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth

total population: 73.4 years
male: 70.9 years
female: 76.2 years (2016 est.)

Total Fertility Rate

1.81 children born/woman (2017 est.)

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate

75.7% (2013/14)

Health Expenditures

7.1% of GDP (2014)

Physicians Density

1.18 physicians/1,000 population (2013)

Hospital Bed Density

2 beds/1,000 population (2010)

Drinking Water Source

improved:
urban: 99.1% of population
rural: 96.9% of population
total: 97.6% of population

unimproved
urban: 0.9% of population
rural: 3.1% of population
total: 2.4% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation Facility Access

improved:
urban: 94.4% of population
rural: 69.7% of population
total: 78% of population

unimproved
urban: 5.6% of population
rural: 30.3% of population
total: 22% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate

0.4% (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – People Living with HIV/AIDS

250,000 (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS – Deaths

8,000 (2016 est.)

Major Infectious Disease

degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, malaria, and Japanese encephalitis (2016)

Obesity – Adult Prevalence Rate

3.5% (2014)

Children Under the Age of 5 Years Underweight

12.1% (2013)

Education Expenditures

5.7% of GDP (2013)

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 94.5%
male: 96.3%
female: 92.8% (2015 est.)

Child Labor – Children Ages 5-14

total number: 2,545,616
percentage: 16% (2006 est.)

Unemployment, Youth Ages 15-24

total: 6%
male: 5.3%
female: 6.8% (2013 est.)